BODY AND SPIRIT: TIBETAN MEDICAL PAINTINGS

 
BASE FOR FIGURE
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.3/ 6768 B
Culture: TIBETAN
Locale: KATHMANDU
Country: NEPAL
Date: 2006
Material: METAL (COPPER)
Dimensions: L:39 W:29 H:12 (in CM)
Technique: HOLLOW-CAST, GILDED
Subject: LOTUS
Acquisition Year: 2009 [PURCHASE]
Donor: SHRESTHA, ROMIO
Artist: ROMIO SHRESTHA & ATELIER
Keywords: FIGURE BASE

Exhibition Label: Buddha. The historical Buddha, born Prince Siddhartha around 560 BC, spent his early years in the Shakya principality on the present-day border between India and Nepal. As an adult, in reaction to the suffering he observed beyond his palace gates, he renounced luxury and, for a time, practiced asceticism. He ultimately attained enlightenment through meditation, and devoted the rest of his life to teaching Buddhism, his philosophy of compassion, peace and the impermanence of the material world.
 
BLEEDING CUP
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.0/ 2107
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: HORN
Dimensions: L:9.3 W:5 H:3.6 (in CM)
Acquisition Year: 1920 [PURCHASE]
Donor: MARX, H. B.
Keywords: BLEEDING CUP
Category: CONTAINERS

Exhibition Label: Bleeding cup. Horn.
 
EAR-SPOON AND TWEEZERS
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.0/ 2073
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: METAL, CLOTH
Dimensions: L:12.5 W:2 H:1 (in CM)
Acquisition Year: 1920 [PURCHASE]
Donor: MARX, H. B.
Keywords: EARSPOON, TWEEZERS
Category: EQUIPMENT

Exhibition Label: Ear-spoon and tweezers. Iron alloy, copper alloy, cotton, dye.
 
FIGURE, SHAKYAMUNI BUDDHA
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.3/ 6768 A
Culture: TIBETAN
Locale: KATHMANDU
Country: NEPAL
Date: 2006
Material: METAL (COPPER), PAINT
Dimensions: H:45 L:35 W:22 (in CM)
Technique: HOLLOW-CAST, GILDED
Subject: SHAKYAMUNI BUDDHA
Acquisition Year: 2009 [PURCHASE]
Donor: SHRESTHA, ROMIO
Artist: ROMIO SHRESTHA & ATELIER
Keywords: BUDDHA, FIGURE

Exhibition Label: Buddha. The historical Buddha, born Prince Siddhartha around 560 BC, spent his early years in the Shakya principality on the present-day border between India and Nepal. As an adult, in reaction to the suffering he observed beyond his palace gates, he renounced luxury and, for a time, practiced asceticism. He ultimately attained enlightenment through meditation, and devoted the rest of his life to teaching Buddhism, his philosophy of compassion, peace and the impermanence of the material world.
 
HERBAL MEDICINE (50 BALLS)
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.3/ 6696
Culture: TIBETAN
Locale: KATHMANDU
Country: NEPAL
Date: 2008
Material: POMEGRANATE
Dimensions: INDIVIDUAL BALL) CIRCUMFERENCE 4 (in CM)
Technique: HAND-ROLLED
Acquisition Year: 2009 [GIFT]
Donor: EDWARDS, JON
Keywords: MEDICINE

Exhibition Label: Pills for treating fever, flu and colds.
 
HERBAL MEDICINE, 7 INGREDIENTS (25 BALLS)
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.3/ 6695
Culture: TIBETAN
Locale: KATHMANDU
Country: NEPAL
Date: 2008
Dimensions: INDIVIDUAL BALL) CIRCUMFERENCE 7.5 (in CM)
Technique: HAND-ROLLED
Acquisition Year: 2009 [GIFT]
Donor: EDWARDS, JON
Keywords: MEDICINE

Exhibition Label: Pills for treating fever, flu and colds. Made with seven ingredients boiled in water to make a thick drink.
 
HERBAL MEDICINE, 8 INGREDIENTS (120 BALLS)
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.3/ 6694
Culture: TIBETAN
Locale: KATHMANDU
Country: NEPAL
Date: 2008
Material: MYROBALAN, ALOEWOOD, NUTMEG
Dimensions: INDIVIDUAL BALL) CIRCUMFERENCE 4.5 (in CM)
Technique: HAND-ROLLED
Acquisition Year: 2009 [GIFT]
Donor: EDWARDS, JON
Keywords: MEDICINE
 
HORN OF EXORCISER, CARVED
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.0/ 4584
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Date: Late 19th TO Early 20th Century C.E.
Material: HORN, METAL, HAIR (YAK ?)
Dimensions: L:18.5 W:6 H:6 (in CM)
Acquisition Year: 1928 [GIFT]
Donor: HILDBURGH, W.L., DR.
Keywords: EXORCISER HORN

Exhibition Label: Horn, used in a ritual to exorcise a disease-causing demon. Horn, hair, copper alloy, white metal alloy.
 
LANCET
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.0/ 2071
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: METAL
Dimensions: L:12 W:2.6 H:.4 (in CM)
Acquisition Year: 1920 [PURCHASE]
Donor: MARX, H. B.
Keywords: LANCET
 
LANCET
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.0/ 2071 A
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: METAL
Dimensions: L:12 W:2.6 H:.4 (in CM)
Acquisition Year: 1920 [PURCHASE]
Donor: MARX, H. B.
Keywords: LANCET

Exhibition Label: Lancet for incising abscesses in the mouth and throat. Iron alloy, copper alloy.
 
LANCET
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.0/ 2071 B
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: METAL
Dimensions: L:6.2 W:.9 H:.7 (in CM)
Acquisition Year: 1920 [PURCHASE]
Donor: MARX, H. B.
Keywords: LANCET

Exhibition Label: Lancet used for bloodletting. Iron alloy.
 
MEDICINE BAG
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.0/ 2038
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: HIDE, PIGMENT, WOOD
Dimensions: L:10 W:6.5 H:2.5 (in CM)
Acquisition Year: 1920 [PURCHASE]
Donor: MARX, H. B.
Keywords: MEDICINE BAG
Category: CONTAINERS

Exhibition Label: Medicine bag containing ground-up willow thorn. Hide, wood, dye, ink.
 
MEDICINE SPOON, INCISED
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.0/ 2036
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: METAL (BRASS)
Dimensions: L:14.6 W:4 H:1.1 (in CM)
Acquisition Year: 1920 [PURCHASE]
Donor: MARX, H. B.
Keywords: MEDICINE SPOON
Category: EQUIPMENT

Exhibition Label: Medicine spoon. Copper alloy.
 
RED OCHRE SAMPLE
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.2/ 2035
Culture: ONGE
Locale: ANDAMAN ISLANDS, LITTLE ANDAMAN
Country: INDIA
Material: RED OCHRE
Dimensions: L:5 W:3 H:3 (in CM)
Acquisition Year: 1956 [PURCHASE]
Donor: CIPRIANI, LIDIO, DR.
Keywords: RED OCHRE

Exhibition Label: Red ochre. Used for treating wounds and fever.
 
SURGICAL INSTRUMENT CASE
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.0/ 2068
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: METAL, HIDE, WOOD
Dimensions: L:16.8 W:3.3 H:2.6 (in CM)
Acquisition Year: 1920 [PURCHASE]
Donor: MARX, H. B.
Keywords: SURGICAL INSTRUMENT CASE
Category: CONTAINERS

Exhibition Label: Surgical instrument case carried on doctor’s belt. Iron alloy, copper alloy, leather, wood, textile.
 
TANGKA, ANATOMY, BACK VIEW
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.3/ 5471
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: CANVAS, PIGMENT, GILT
Dimensions: H:75.1 W:58.1 (in CM)
Technique: PAINTED
Subject: MEDICAL TANGKA, ANATOMY, BACK VIEW
Acquisition Year: 1998 [GIFT]
Donor: FISHER, EMILY
Artist: ROMIO SHRESTHA
Keywords: TANGKA

Exhibition Label: Anatomy, Rear View. While Western medicine counts only 206 bones in human adults, 360 distinct bones are precisely enumerated in the front and back views of the human skeleton. Bones and their articulations are important in Tibetan medicine not just for their role in structuring the body but also because they form part of the pathway through which life. As in classical Western anatomy, the standard Tibetan anatomical model is male. The tiny figure at the bottom of the top painting is one of the few females shown in the anatomical series. The image shows the specifically female “orifices,” breasts and the uterus.
 
TANGKA, ANATOMY, FRONT VIEW
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.3/ 5470
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: CANVAS, PIGMENT, GILT
Dimensions: H:76.1 W:59.2 (in CM)
Technique: PAINTED
Subject: MEDICAL TANGKA, ANATOMY, FRONT VIEW
Acquisition Year: 1998 [GIFT]
Donor: FISHER, EMILY
Artist: ROMIO SHRESTHA
Keywords: TANGKA

Exhibition Label: Anatomy, Front View. While Western medicine counts only 206 bones in human adults, 360 distinct bones are precisely enumerated in the front and back views of the human skeleton. Bones and their articulations are important in Tibetan medicine not just for their role in structuring the body but also because they form part of the pathway through which life essence flows. Grids are a guide to ideal body proportions and to the location of body parts in relation to other parts.
 
TANGKA, BHAISAJYAGURU (MANLA)
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.0/ 6529
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: CLOTH, SILK, PIGMENT, WOOD, THREAD, METAL, CORD
Dimensions: L:182 W:109.5 H:3.7 PAINTING) L:95 W:60.5 (in CM)
Subject: MEDICINE BUDDHA, BHAISHAJYAGURU
Acquisition Year: 1936 [GIFT]
Donor: VERNAY, A.S.
Keywords: BUDDHA, TANGKA
 
TANGKA, BLOODLETTING CHANNELS & MOXIBUSTION
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.3/ 5533
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: CANVAS, PIGMENT, GILT
Dimensions: H:71 W:58.2 (in CM)
Technique: PAINTED
Subject: MEDICAL TANGKA, BLOODLETTING CHANNELS & MOXIBUSTION
Acquisition Year: 1998 [GIFT]
Donor: FISHER, EMILY
Artist: ROMIO SHRESTHA
Keywords: TANGKA

Exhibition Label: Bloodletting and Moxibustion. Taking just the right amount of blood from the appropriate spot without harming the patient requires skill and knowledge. The instruments shown at the side of the large figures represent various types of lancets used to open blood vessels. The colored bands show the proper placement of tourniquets used to control the flow of blood. Moxibustion: The healer on the right holds a smoking cone of gerbera leaves in his mouth. To administer moxibustion, the end of the cone will be applied to certain points on the patient’s body, heating them and moving humors through body channels. (3rd row from bottom, far right) The bottom section of the painting gives information about the heat therapy called moxibustion. It includes a guide to gathering the leaves of the gerbera plant used in Tibetan moxibustion and an illustrated list of the various kinds of ills that moxibustion should, and shouldn’t, be used to treat.
 
TANGKA, BLOODLETTING, SURGICAL AND MOXIBUSTION POINTS, BACK VIEW
ASIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: 70.3/ 5502
Culture: TIBETAN
Country: CHINA
Material: CANVAS, PIGMENT, GILT
Dimensions: H:71.4 W:59.2 (in CM)
Technique: PAINTED
Subject: MEDICAL ANGKA, BLOODLETTING, SURGICAL & MOXIBUSTION POINTS
Acquisition Year: 1998 [GIFT]
Donor: FISHER, EMILY
Artist: ROMIO SHRESTHA
Keywords: TANGKA

Exhibition Label: Treatment Points and Bloodletting. Back View. The painting maps the locations of points on the body used for bloodletting, minor surgery and moxibustion. In traditional Tibetan medicine, these three treatments are viewed as being relatively extreme and they are generally used only when milder therapies don’t work. The moxibustion points are shown in red, bloodletting points in blue and surgical points in yellow. In moxibustion, cones or rolls of burning leaves are placed on the points. To withdraw blood, a point is opened with a sharp instrument such as a lancet. Surgery usually consists of lancing abscesses or infections and removing pus or cauterizing wounds.
 
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