PUEBLO BONITO: TRADING TREASURES, TRADING IDEAS

 
SCRAPER, INLAID, #9
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: H/ 5144
Locale: NM, SAN JUAN COUNTY, CHACO CANYON
Regions: BASIN, PLAINS, SOUTHWEST
Material: ANIMAL (BONE), MINERAL (STONE, COAL?)
Acquisition Year: 1897 [GIFT]
Donor: HYDE, B.T.B. & HYDE, FREDERICK E., DR.
Collector: GEORGE PEPPER
Keywords: SCRAPER
Category: EQUIPMENT

Exhibition Label: [Cosmology] Inlaid Scraper. Ancestral Pueblo, ca. AD 850–1140. Bone, stone (turquoise, jet)
While plain bones were used to prepare animal hides, this ceremonial deer-leg scraper was not an everyday tool. Its rare turquoise may have traveled from as far as Nevada and the jet from sources near present-day Acoma Pueblo, part of a regional trade in precious stones.

This object was also exhibited at:
• TELLING NEW MEXICO (THE NEW MEXICO HISTORY MUSEUM, SANTA FE, NM, February 2009 - June 2011)
• BLUE GEM, WHITE METAL (HEARD MUSEUM, PHOENIX, AZ, May 2000 - June 2000)
• CHACO PHENOMENON (MAXWELL MUSEUM OF ANTHROPOLOGY, ALBUQUERQUE, NM, November 1982 - August 1987)
 
CARVING, FROG
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: H/10426
Locale: NM, SAN JUAN COUNTY, CHACO CANYON
Regions: BASIN, PLAINS, SOUTHWEST
Material: STONE (JET, TURQUOISE)
Dimensions: L:8 W:7 H:2 (in CM)
Acquisition Year: 1899 [GIFT]
Donor: PEPPER, GEORGE H.
Keywords: CARVING

Exhibition Label: [Cosmology] Frog Effigy. Ancestral Pueblo, ca. AD 850–1140. Stone (jet, turquoise)
The inlaid turquoise, a semi-precious gem obtained from sources throughout the Southwest, shows that Chacoans engaged in long-distance exchange. Turquoise remains a highly valued substance in Pueblo society, serving as a status marker and ritual offering acceptable to gods and spirits.

This object was also exhibited at:
• TOTEMS TO TURQUOISE (AMNH, NEW YORK, NY, October 2004 - July 2005)
• ROAD TO AZTLAN: ART FROM A MYTHIC HOMELAND (LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF ART, LOS ANGELES, CA, May 2001 - May 2002)
• ARROWS OF THE SPIRIT (MINGEI MUSEUM, SAN DIEGO, CA, August 1999 - April 2000)
 
JAR
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: H/ 3237
Locale: NM, SAN JUAN COUNTY, CHACO CANYON
Regions: BASIN, PLAINS, SOUTHWEST
Material: MINERAL (CERAMIC), MINERAL (PIGMENT)
Acquisition Year: 1896 [GIFT]
Donor: PEPPER, GEORGE H.
Keywords: JAR
Category: CONTAINERS

Exhibition Label: [Exchange of Goods and Ideas with Mesoamerica] Cylinder Vessel. Ancestral Pueblo, ca. AD 850-1140. Ceramic (whiteware)
Found together with H/3243, H/3252, H/3262, H/3289 in a large cache, these cylinder vessels were made in a style unique to Chaco Canyon. Recent evidence suggests that they were used in rituals involving the consumption of cacao-chocolate - a common practice in parts of Mesoamerica.
 
JAR
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: H/ 3243
Locale: NM, SAN JUAN COUNTY, CHACO CANYON
Regions: BASIN, PLAINS, SOUTHWEST
Material: MINERAL (CERAMIC), MINERAL (PIGMENT)
Dimensions: D:10 H:23.2 (in CM)
Acquisition Year: 1896 [GIFT]
Donor: PEPPER, GEORGE H.
Keywords: JAR
Category: CONTAINERS

Exhibition Label: [Exchange of Goods and Ideas with Mesoamerica] Cylinder Vessel. Ancestral Pueblo, ca. AD 850-1140. Ceramic (whiteware)
Found together with H/3237, H/3252, H/3262, H/3289 in a large cache, these cylinder vessels were made in a style unique to Chaco Canyon. Recent evidence suggests that they were used in rituals involving the consumption of cacao-chocolate - a common practice in parts of Mesoamerica.

This object was also exhibited at:
• ROAD TO AZTLAN: ART FROM A MYTHIC HOMELAND (LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM OF ART, LOS ANGELES, CA, May 2001 - May 2002)
 
JAR
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: H/ 3252
Locale: NM, SAN JUAN COUNTY, CHACO CANYON
Regions: BASIN, PLAINS, SOUTHWEST
Material: MINERAL (CERAMIC), MINERAL (PIGMENT)
Acquisition Year: 1896 [GIFT]
Donor: PEPPER, GEORGE H.
Keywords: JAR
Category: CONTAINERS

Exhibition Label: [Exchange of Goods and Ideas with Mesoamerica] Cylinder Vessel. Ancestral Pueblo, ca. AD 850-1140. Ceramic (whiteware)
Found together with H/3237, H/3243, H/3262, H/3289 in a large cache, these cylinder vessels were made in a style unique to Chaco Canyon. Recent evidence suggests that they were used in rituals involving the consumption of cacao-chocolate - a common practice in parts of Mesoamerica.
 
JAR
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: H/ 3262
Locale: NM, SAN JUAN COUNTY, CHACO CANYON
Regions: BASIN, PLAINS, SOUTHWEST
Material: MINERAL (CERAMIC), MINERAL (PIGMENT)
Acquisition Year: 1896 [GIFT]
Donor: PEPPER, GEORGE H.
Keywords: JAR
Category: CONTAINERS

Exhibition Label: [Exchange of Goods and Ideas with Mesoamerica] Cylinder Vessel. Ancestral Pueblo, ca. AD 850-1140. Ceramic (whiteware)
Found together with H/3237, H/3243, H/3252, H/3289 in a large cache, these cylinder vessels were made in a style unique to Chaco Canyon. Recent evidence suggests that they were used in rituals involving the consumption of cacao-chocolate - a common practice in parts of Mesoamerica.

This object was also exhibited at:
• IT'S ABOUT TIME (NEW MEXICO MUSEUM OF ART, SANTA FE, NM, May 2012 - March 2014)
 
JAR
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: H/ 3289
Locale: NM, SAN JUAN COUNTY, CHACO CANYON
Regions: BASIN, PLAINS, SOUTHWEST
Material: MINERAL (CERAMIC), MINERAL (PIGMENT)
Acquisition Year: 1896 [GIFT]
Donor: PEPPER, GEORGE H.
Keywords: JAR
Category: CONTAINERS

Exhibition Label: [Exchange of Goods and Ideas with Mesoamerica] Cylinder Vessel. Ancestral Pueblo, ca. AD 850-1140. Ceramic (whiteware)
Found together with H/3237, H/3243, H/3252, H/3262 in a large cache, these cylinder vessels were made in a style unique to Chaco Canyon. Recent evidence suggests that they were used in rituals involving the consumption of cacao-chocolate - a common practice in parts of Mesoamerica.

This object was also exhibited at:
• COLLAPSE? (NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM OF LOS ANGELES COUNTY, LOS ANGELES, CA, April 2005 - December 2005)
• CHACO PHENOMENON (MAXWELL MUSEUM OF ANTHROPOLOGY, ALBUQUERQUE, NM, November 1982 - August 1987)
 
BIRD, WOOD, CARVED, PROBABLY MACAW
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: H/12745
Locale: NM, SAN JUAN COUNTY, CHACO CANYON
Regions: BASIN, PLAINS, SOUTHWEST
Material: PLANT (WOOD)
Keywords: WOOD CARVING

Exhibition Label: [Exchange of Goods and Ideas with Mesoamerica] Parrot Effigy. Ancestral Pueblo, ca. AD 850-1140?. Wood
This carved wooden parrot was found in Pueblo Bonito along with the remains of 32 Scarlet Macaws. Archaeologists are currently using radiocarbon dating and DNA analysis to reveal how, when and why these birds came to Chaco Canyon from their native habitat in Mesoamerica.

This object was also exhibited at:
• CHACO PHENOMENON (MAXWELL MUSEUM OF ANTHROPOLOGY, ALBUQUERQUE, NM, November 1982 - August 1987)
 
BIRD FORM, #6, FRAGMENTS (3)
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: H/ 5141 A
Locale: NM, SAN JUAN COUNTY, CHACO CANYON
Regions: BASIN, PLAINS, SOUTHWEST
Material: STONE
Acquisition Year: 1897 [GIFT]
Donor: HYDE, B.T.B. & HYDE, FREDERICK E., DR.
Collector: GEORGE PEPPER
Keywords: FORM
Category: EQUIPMENT

Exhibition Label: [Object Symbolism, Pueblo Today, Artistry] Bird Effigy. Ancestral Pueblo, ca. AD 850–1140. Stone
This small bird effigy - animal figurine - was crafted by Chacoan artisans. It may have been strung and worn as adornment, since small holes were drilled in the sides. Many other effigies were found at the site, and modern Puebloan communities use similar ones today.
 
BIRD FORM, #6, FRAGMENTS (3)
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: H/ 5141 B
Locale: NM, SAN JUAN COUNTY, CHACO CANYON
Regions: BASIN, PLAINS, SOUTHWEST
Material: STONE
Acquisition Year: 1897 [GIFT]
Donor: HYDE, B.T.B. & HYDE, FREDERICK E., DR.
Collector: GEORGE PEPPER
Keywords: FORM
Category: EQUIPMENT

Exhibition Label: [Object Symbolism, Pueblo Today, Artistry] Bird Effigy. Ancestral Pueblo, ca. AD 850–1140. Stone
This small bird effigy - animal figurine - was crafted by Chacoan artisans. It may have been strung and worn as adornment, since small holes were drilled in the sides. Many other effigies were found at the site, and modern Puebloan communities use similar ones today.
 
BIRD FORM, #6, FRAGMENTS (3)
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: H/ 5141 C
Locale: NM, SAN JUAN COUNTY, CHACO CANYON
Regions: BASIN, PLAINS, SOUTHWEST
Material: STONE
Acquisition Year: 1897 [GIFT]
Donor: HYDE, B.T.B. & HYDE, FREDERICK E., DR.
Collector: GEORGE PEPPER
Keywords: FORM
Category: EQUIPMENT

Exhibition Label: [Object Symbolism, Pueblo Today, Artistry] Bird Effigy. Ancestral Pueblo, ca. AD 850–1140. Stone
This small bird effigy - animal figurine - was crafted by Chacoan artisans. It may have been strung and worn as adornment, since small holes were drilled in the sides. Many other effigies were found at the site, and modern Puebloan communities use similar ones today.
 
VESSEL, BIRD FORM, WHITEWARE
NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTION
 
Catalog No: H/ 7952
Locale: NM, SAN JUAN COUNTY, CHACO CANYON
Regions: BASIN, PLAINS, SOUTHWEST
Material: CERAMICS, PIGMENT
Acquisition Year: 1898
Donor: PEPPER, GEORGE H.
Keywords: VESSEL
Category: CONTAINERS

Exhibition Label: [Object Symbolism, Pueblo Today, Artistry] Bird Effigy. Ancestral Pueblo, ca. AD 850–1140. Ceramic (whiteware)
Birds are central to ritual among modern Pueblo peoples, a tradition that goes back to the time of Pueblo Bonito. Their feathers were given as offerings and attached to prayer sticks and ceremonial masks. Bird effigies and skeletons were found in large quantities in the excavations at Pueblo Bonito. The black dots on this bird probably represent feathers.
 
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