Lumholtz Mexico Expeditions (1890-1897)
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Carl Lumholtz (1851-1922)
Carl Lumholtz (1851-1922), the Norwegian anthropologist, naturalist, and photographer, did field research in Mexico on three AMNH Expeditions in the 1890s. During his 5 years of travel by mule along the 900-mile long Sierra Madre Occidental, from the Arizona border to Guadalajara and to the Tarascan region in Michoacán, he was the first scientific explorer. At the turn of the last century, he was the foremost authority on the Indians of the Sierra Madre.

In 1902, he published his findings with excellent photographs and drawings in a handsome two-volume set, Unknown Mexico: Explorations and Adventures among the Tarahumare, Tepehuane, Cora, Huichol, Tarasco and Aztec Indians.

Besides his comprehensive ethnographic collection of almost 2,500 artifacts from these Indians, Lumholtz brought back linguistic data including extensive vocabularies of the Tarahumara and Tepehuane languages and examples of native music.

Lumholtz also conducted archaeological investigations mainly in Chihuahua, and brought back over 3,000 archaeological objects, mostly ceramics.

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